Click HERE if you’re having trouble viewing the gallery on your mobile device.NEW YORK — The A’s making history by becoming the first club to ever try “bullpenning” in the playoffs isn’t even the craziest part about the whole thing. That distinction belongs to the man actually starting the game.A’s reliever Liam Hendriks will open up Wednesday night’s wild-card game, opposing Yankees starter Luis Severino.Tasked with getting through a clean first inning at Yankee Stadium is the same Hendriks …
Melissa JavanAir: Inspiration – Expiration, the latest exhibition at the renowned Standard Bank Gallery, is one of the key events that have positioned Johannesburg as an important artistic hub, according to the organisers.Open from 8 October to 3 December 2016, it follows the exceedingly popular exhibition of works by French artist Matisse, Henri Matisse: Rhythm and Meaning, which ran from 13 July to 17 September 2016. Organisers put the number of visitors to that exhibition at more than 30 000.Other key art events this year in Johannesburg included the The Turbine Art Fair in Newtown, the FNB Joburg Art Fair in Sandton and the Walter Battiss exhibition I invented myself at the Wits Art Museum in Braamfontein.Air: Inspiration – Expiration exhibition at the Standard Bank Gallery runs from 8 October to 3 December 2016. “Aeroplane” by Mziwakhe Mbatha.Air: Inspiration – ExpirationThis exhibition is the last in a series at the gallery based on the four elements of water, fire, earth and air. “In considering how works of visual art might represent an ‘invisible’ element, the curators of Air: Inspiration – Expiration have drawn on diverse artistic traditions, styles, methods and media,” says the Standard Bank Gallery.“Empyrean: Castle in the Air” by Lyndi Sales.“Air is interpreted here as wind, sound, breath and spirit; it is associated with birds and insects, with aeroplanes, with clouds, with climate, with industry. The chronological scope of the works collected extends from the ancient to the postmodern – from San rock artists to contemporary South African arts practitioners. There are also various items taken from the African art collections of Standard Bank and the University of the Witwatersrand, including ornately carved musical instruments from southern and central Africa, and crowns and coffins from West Africa,” explains the gallery.Humanity versus nature“The Orchid and the Wasp” by Nina Liebenberg, with fish bones, bell jar and glue.Artists on show in Air: Inspiration – Expiration include Penny Siopis, Robyn Penn, Jackson Hlungwane, Gerhard Marx, Karel Nel, Tito Zungu, Lyn Smuts, Nina Liebenberg, Samson Mudzunga, Walter Oltmann, Lyndi Sales, Sandile Zulu, Mary Wafer, and Christine Cronjé.They used a range of materials such as wire, ink and glue on canvas, plant material, acrylic paint, and glue on cotton paper. In their work, they explore the relationship between breathing and nature or natural elements. For instance, musical instruments on show represent that air is needed to play instruments.Artist Madeline Groenewald said was is happy for the wonderful opportunity to be part of the exhibition. Her Waveflow is digital scores and a series of etchings.The maps for Waveflow visualise the movements of four succeeding ocean waves flowing across a small section of the shore. The waves were filmed and transcribed into a sequence of freeze-frames. The wavelines in each frame were then traced to map and track the full movement of the wave over time. The maps were then translated into music by the way of following system, explains the catalogue.“I have always wanted to mix music with art,” said Groenewald.“Eagle Coffin” by Ben Sowah.Curator Cyril Coetzee explained that artist Nina Liebenberg had captured the heartbeats of several babies in one of her works. The heartbeats sounded like bird calls.”The movement of the wind, for example, relates to us breathing in and out,” he said.Air: Inspiration – Expiration ends on 3 December 2016 and entrance is free.Matisse on showHenri Matisse: Rhythm and Meaning was presented by Standard Bank in partnership with the Embassy of France in South Africa and the French Institute of South Africa.Co-curators were Patrice Deparpe, director of the musée départemental Matisse du Cateau-Cambrésis, and Prof Federico Freschi, executive dean of the faculty of art, design and architecture at the University of Johannesburg.It had been an honour to present the landmark international exhibition at the Standard Bank Gallery, said Standard Bank Group CEO Ben Kruger. “Prouder still is the fact that three of the Matisse pieces displayed came from our very own Johannesburg Art Gallery collection… Matisse was incredibly interested in – and influenced by – African art and textiles, and we are particularly proud that his art has been able to enrich and excite learners through our extensive schools’ outreach programme.”The French artist’s body of work had been exposed to a wider audience thanks to community outreach programmes, free public walkabouts and innovative pop-up studios in the city, giving the public the opportunity to create their own Matisse- inspired artworks, Kruger explained.First ThursdaysAnother step in making Johannesburg an artistic hub is the establishment of First Thursdays. First Thursdays is a free cultural event happening each first Thursday of the month. Galleries and other spaces and attractions in Braamfontein, Maboneng and Rosebank stay open late on the night.The next event is on Thursday 3 November 2016.First Thursdays set up show Johannesburg following the success of the venture in Cape Town. During the Matisse exhibition, the Standard Bank Gallery also extended its opening hours on First Thursdays.Print maps of the galleries taking part in First Thursdays are available at most listed venues.Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using SouthAfrica.info material
The moment you enter South Africa, customs officials will be nearby and ready to inspect your luggage. If you are not certain as to what to do when you cross paths with them, don’t worry, our customs guide will help put you at ease.Travellers to South Africa are able to bring two-litres of their favourite wine without the need to pay duty or value-added tax. (Image: Brand South Africa)Whether you arrive in South Africa by air, sea or land, you have to pass through customs control, where you may be questioned and your baggage may be scanned or searched for dutiable, restricted or prohibited goods.On arrival, travellers with goods to declare must complete a Traveller Card and make a verbal declaration of their goods to a customs officer, who will then generate a Traveller Declaration (TRD1).If you’re found with undeclared, restricted or prohibited goods, you could be fined or even face prosecution. To help you avoid this, and make your arrival in and departure from South Africa as smooth as possible, here’s a quick guide to moving goods in and out of the country.Note: This information serves as a guide only. It remains subject to change without notice. If you are in any doubt as to whether the goods you intend to bring into South Africa are restricted, contact your nearest South African embassy or high commission abroad (see links in box on right).What you can bring in duty-free?Once you’re over the duty-free limitRestricted: goods that you have to declareProhibited: goods that you may not bringRather safe than sorryTravellers in transitVAT refunds for touristsHow much money can I travel with?What you can bring in duty-free?You can bring the following goods into South Africa without paying customs duty or value added tax (VAT):Consumable goods in accompanied baggage:Cigarettes – up to 200 per person.Cigars – up to 20 per person.Cigarette or pipe tobacco – up to 250g per person.Perfume – up to 50ml per person; eau de toilette (scented liquid lighter than cologne) – up to 250ml per person.Wine – up to 2 litres per person.Spirits and other alcoholic beverages – up to 1 litre in total per person.People under 18 can claim this duty-free allowance on consumable goods – with the exception of alcohol and tobacco products – provided the goods are for their personal use.Medicines: You are allowed to bring in one month’s supply of pharmaceutical drugs or medicines for your personal use. Any other pharmaceutical drugs or medicines must be accompanied by a letter or certified prescription from a registered physician, and have to be declared.Personal effects, sport and recreational equipment: You can bring in personal effects, sport and recreational equipment, either as accompanied or unaccompanied baggage, for your own use during your visit.In the case of very expensive articles, you may be required to lodge a cash deposit to cover the potential duty/tax on their re-export. The deposit will be refunded on departure after a customs officer has inspected the items and verified that they are being re-exported.Handmade articles for commercial purposes: Travellers from Southern African Customs Union (SACU) or Southern African Development Community (SADC) member states are allowed to bring into South Africa handmade articles of leather, wood, plastic, or glass if the goods do not exceed 25 kilograms in total, without the payment of duties and taxes.Additional goods: In addition to the personal effects and consumables duty-free allowances, you are allowed to bring in new or used goods in accompanied baggage to the value of R5 000, or R25 000 if arriving from Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia or Swaziland.What if I am over the duty-free limit?Once the above limits are exceeded, all goods brought into South Africa are subject to the payment of customs duty and value added tax (VAT) – including goods bought duty-free on aircraft or ships or in duty-free shops.For goods of up to R20 000 in value, you have the option of paying customs duty at a flat rate of 20%. Flat-rated goods are also exempt from payment of VAT. This is valid only once per person per 30-day period.People under 18 can opt for the flat-rate assessment, provided the goods are for their personal use.Once you’re over the additional R20 000 limit – or if you waive the flat rate option – then duty will be assessed and paid on each individual item you’re carrying, and an additional 14% VAT will be charged.Goods that do not qualify for the flat-rate assessment include:Firearms.Goods for commercial purposes.Consumable goods in excess of the quantities detailed above.Goods or gifts carried on behalf of other people. Not only are these are subject to duties and taxes, but they may also require an import permit.Goods that you have to declareCertain goods are restricted, and may only be brought into South Africa if you have the necessary authority or permit, and these must be declared on arrival. They include any firearms, as well as:Currency: South African bank notes in excess of R25 000; foreign currency above $10 000; gold coins; coin and stamp collections; and unprocessed gold.Endangered plants and animals: Species of plants or animals that are listed as endangered, whether they are alive or dead, as well as any parts of or articles made from them.Food, plants, animals and biological goods: All plants and plant products, such as seeds, flowers, fruit, honey, margarine and vegetable oils. Also animals, birds, poultry and products thereof, such as dairy products, butter and eggs.Medicines: You are allowed to bring in one month’s supply of pharmaceutical drugs or medicines for your personal use. Any other medicines must be accompanied by a letter or certified prescription from a registered physician, and have to be declared.A full list of prohibited and restricted goods is available on the South African Revenue Service website: www.sars.gov.zaGoods you’re not allowed to bringIt is illegal to bring the following goods into South Africa:Narcotics: any narcotic or psychotropic substances, including drugs such as cannabis, heroin, cocaine, mandrax or ecstasy; or any paraphernalia relating to their use.Any fully automatic, military or unnumbered weapons, as well as explosives, fireworks or weapons of mass destruction.Any poison and other toxic substance.Cigarettes with a mass of more than 2kg per 1 000.Any goods to which a trade description or trademark is applied in contravention of any law (for example, counterfeit goods).Unlawful reproductions of any works subject to copyright.Any prison- or penitentiary-made goods.If you’re in any doubt about the goods you want to bring into South Africa, contact your nearest South African Embassy or High Commission abroad or the nearest SARS customs office.List of South African offices abroad: www.dirco.gov.zaContact SARS: www.sars.gov.zaRather safe than sorryYou can avoid problems by making sure that you:Always declare all goods in your possession.Produce receipts for goods purchased abroad – including goods bought duty- free on aircraft or ships or in duty-free shops.If you are unsure of the value of goods which you should declare, ask for assistance from the customs officer on duty.Remember, failure to declare goods, under-declaration of the value of goods, or production of false receipts or invoices could lead to the seizure of your goods as well as criminal prosecution or fines of up to three times the value of the goods.Travellers in transitTravellers in transit to countries outside the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), which comprises Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland, do not have to comply with customs formalities in South Africa.This applies only if you have been booked from an airport outside the SACU, and you are not travelling to your final destination by road. These passengers may not leave the transit area of the airport between flights. Their baggage will automatically be transferred from their international flight.Note, however, that customs officials may still search travellers in transit and their baggage for any illegal drugs or counterfeit goods. Anyone found with such goods will be detained and handed over to the police for prosecution.PaymentsCustoms duties and taxes are payable in South African rand. Payment can be made in cash, by credit card or by means of traveller’s cheques.Should you have any questions or doubt about the amount of duty paid or payable, or any other matter about your dealings with a customs official, you should take the matter up with the senior customs officer in charge. The receipt you obtain from Customs must be given to the officer dealing with your enquiry.VAT refunds for touristsValue added tax (VAT) at a rate of 14% is levied on the purchase of most goods in South Africa. As a foreign visitor you may apply for a refund of the VAT you pay while in the country – provided you apply before you depart.To apply, make sure you get tax invoices for your purchases. Then present these to the VAT Refund Administrator at your point of departure. If he/she is not available, present your goods to a customs officer, who will inspect the goods, stamp your invoices and deliver them to the VAT Refund Administrator, who will correspond with you on the matter.For more information on how and where to apply for VAT refunds, visit www.taxrefunds.co.zaHow much money can I travel with?Currency brought into or taken from South Africa is monitored by law. Should you have more than R25 000 in South African currency or $10 000 or the equivalent thereof in foreign currency, this must be declared.As a foreign visitor, you can bring in up to R25 000 in South African currency (rands), plus an unlimited amount in foreign currencies and traveller’s cheques, provided you declare this on arrival.On departure, you can also take out R25 000 in South African currency (rands), and up to the amount in foreign currencies and traveller’s cheques that you declared when you arrived – provided you didn’t stay for more than 12 months.Temporary importsPlease note that you may be required to lodge a cash deposit to cover the potential duty/tax on expensive articles if you are bringing them in on a temporary basis. The deposit will be refunded when you leave after a customs officer has physically inspected the items and verified that the goods are being re-exported.Visitors must notify the Customs office where the deposit was lodged at least two days before you leave to ensure that the refund is ready. You will find the office number on the documents which will be given to you when paying your deposit.If you are leaving from a port other than the port where you lodged the deposit, the inspection report confirming the re-exportation of the items will be forwarded to the office where the deposit was lodged and a cheque will be posted to the address that you provided.Conference organisersIf you are bringing goods into the country specifically for a conference such as pamphlets, brochures and banners, you need to do the following:If these goods are accompanying you, you need to follow the same process as normal travellers.If the goods are not coming with you but are being sent into the country at a different time (unaccompanied baggage), you have to declare them on a DA 306 form. You need to complete the form before you come into the country and take it to your nearest customs office when you arrive in South Africa. This is a simplified clearance procedure for goods that will not be sold in the country.Source: South African Revenue ServiceReviewed: October 2015Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material
The Internet Archive, in conjunction with 150 libraries, has rolled out a new 80,000 e-book lending collection today on OpenLibrary.org. This means that library patrons with an OpenLibrary account can check out any of these e-books. The hope is that this effort will help libraries make the move to digital book lending. “As readers go digital, so are our libraries,” says Brewster Kahle, founder and Digital Librarian of the Internet Archive. This new digital lending system will allow library patrons to borrow up to 5 e-books at a time for up to 2 weeks. People can choose to borrow either an in-browser version (that can be read via the Internet Archives’ e-reader that we covered here last December) or a PDF or ePUB version. The latter will allow readers to access the borrowed books from a number of devices, including iPads, laptops, and libraries’ own computers. Related Posts audrey watters A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#E-Books#web Lending e-books has proven to be quite complicated, for both individual book owners but certainly for libraries. As we have written here before, some publishers have been fearful of the move to digital books, let alone the move to e-book sharing, refusing to allow their books to be made available for lending or only allowing loans with certain on-site restrictions. The publishers participating in this OpenLibrary project, including Cursor and OR Books, have a very different take on the future of libraries, publishing, and lending. “Libraries are our allies in creating the best range of discovery mechanisms for writers and readers – enabling open and browser-based lending through the Internet Archive means more books for more readers, and we’re thrilled to do our part in achieving that,” says Richard Nash, founder of Cursor.As a number of startups spring up to take advantage of the lending options available on Kindles and Nook readers, it’s good to see public libraries also moving to embrace e-book lending. Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market
Ketogenic Diet ReferencesMartin-McGill KJ, Jackson CF, Bresnahan R, Levy RG, Cooper PN. Ketogenic diets for drug-resistant epilepsy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018;11:CD001903. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001903.pub4Rezaei S, Abdurahman AA, Saghazadeh A, Badv RS, Mahmoudi M. Short-term and long-term efficacy of classical ketogenic diet and modified Atkins diet in children and adolescents with epilepsy: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr Neurosci. October 2017:1-18. doi:10.1080/1028415X.2017.1387721Astrup A, Meinert Larsen T, Harper A. Atkins and other low-carbohydrate diets: hoax or an effective tool for weight loss? Lancet. 2004;364(9437):897-899. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)16986-9Foster GD, Wyatt HR, Hill JO, et al. A randomized trial of a low-carbohydrate diet for obesity. N Engl J Med. 2003;348(21):2082-2090. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa022207Brehm BJ, Seeley RJ, Daniels SR, D’Alessio DA. A randomized trial comparing a very low carbohydrate diet and a calorie-restricted low fat diet on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors in healthy women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003;88(4):1617-1623. doi:10.1210/jc.2002-021480Stern L, Iqbal N, Seshadri P, et al. The effects of low-carbohydrate versus conventional weight loss diets in severely obese adults: one-year follow-up of a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2004;140(10):778-785.Bravata DM, Sanders L, Huang J, et al. Efficacy and safety of low-carbohydrate diets: a systematic review. JAMA. 2003;289(14):1837-1850. doi:10.1001/jama.289.14.1837Foster GD, Wyatt HR, Hill JO, et al. Weight and metabolic outcomes after 2 years on a low-carbohydrate versus low-fat diet: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2010;153(3):147-157. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-153-3-201008030-00005Lim SS, Noakes M, Keogh JB, Clifton PM. Long-term effects of a low carbohydrate, low fat or high unsaturated fat diet compared to a no-intervention control. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2010;20(8):599-607. doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2009.05.003Larosa JC, Fry AG, Muesing R, Rosing DR. Effects of high-protein, low-carbohydrate dieting on plasma lipoproteins and body weight. J Am Diet Assoc. 1980;77(3):264-270.Denke MA. Metabolic effects of high-protein, low-carbohydrate diets. Am J Cardiol. 2001;88(1):59-61.Seidelmann SB, Claggett B, Cheng S, et al. Dietary carbohydrate intake and mortality: a prospective cohort study and meta-analysis. Lancet Public Health. 2018;3(9):e419-e428. doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30135-XSylvetsky AC, Edelstein SL, Walford G, et al. A High-Carbohydrate, High-Fiber, Low-Fat Diet Results in Weight Loss among Adults at High Risk of Type 2 Diabetes. J Nutr. 2017;147(11):2060-2066. doi:10.3945/jn.117.252395Liu L, Wang S, Liu J. Fiber consumption and all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortalities: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2015;59(1):139-146. doi:10.1002/mnfr.201400449Reynolds A, Mann J, Cummings J, Winter N, Mete E, Te Morenga L. Carbohydrate quality and human health: a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Lancet. 2019;393(10170):434-445. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31809-9Dreher ML. Whole Fruits and Fruit Fiber Emerging Health Effects. Nutrients. 2018;10(12). doi:10.3390/nu10121833Chan CW, Lee PH. Association between dietary fibre intake with cancer and all-cause mortality among 15 740 adults: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2016;29(5):633-642. doi:10.1111/jhn.12389 Author: Christian Maino Vieytes, B.S. Nutritional Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, M.S. Candidate, Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignKeto is in! The newest low-carbohydrate craze is the magic pill that will rescue all of our weight-loss efforts! Or will it?You may have heard about the ketogenic diet, or “keto” for short, over the past year. Don’t be fooled; the latest diet craze is nothing but a rebranding of the Atkins Diet, which was popularized by Robert Atkins in the 1970s. This fad diet is fixated on restricting an entire macronutrient category: carbohydrates (which by the way are the preferred fuel source for all of your body’s cells). The goal, of course, is weight-loss. It may seem harmless, but eating fewer carbohydrates means that you are, instead, eating exorbitant amounts of total fat, saturated fat, and protein.The burning question: is it an effective method for short-term weight-loss?… Yes! But hold your horses, as we will look deeper into the science to see what it has to say on this “newest” diet.So what led us here? Well, it turns out that ketogenic diets are incredibly effective for treating drug-resistant epilepsy. 1,2 This has been a well-known and recognized treatment in the dietetic and medical community for quite some time. The evidence for using this diet in the general public is nowhere near as convincing.Weight LossWhy do Atkins, keto, and carbohydrate-restricting diets cause weight-loss? The answer is not as appealing as one may think. These diets are very effective at promoting weight loss in the short term (i.e., for no longer than three months). The primary way this occurs is by water-loss. When we restrict carbohydrates and eat a high-fat, high-protein diet, our body begins to deplete its glycogen stores, which are the carbohydrate reserves that muscle and liver cells keep handy in case of starvation (remember when I told you that carbs were the primary fuel source?). Water binds tightly to glycogen.3 As you start using up these glycogen stores for energy, the water is set free. The result? You’ve lost a lot of water weight without burning a lot of fat.Repeatedly, studies have shown that weight-loss resulting from a ketogenic, low-carb diet is not sustainable. In these studies, weight loss was observed after 3-6 months, but the weight was regained after 12 months.4–6 Moreover, weight loss appears to be more related to reduced calorie intake as opposed to the carbohydrate composition of the diet itself.6–9Your Health is More Important! Low-carb diets may come with a host of potential side-effects that include: kidney stones, constipation, fatigue, irritability, and headache. The long-term consequences are a bit scarier: elevated cholesterol, increased risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer, kidney disease, and even osteoporosis.3,10,11 A landmark study, released earlier this year, reported that both very low carbohydrate consumption and high consumption patterns were associated with a greater risk of death from all causes, especially when the diet was made up of high amounts of animal protein and saturated fat that took the place of carbohydrates. 12So what should we make of all these data? The focus should be on eating the right types of carbohydrates. Eating complex carbohydrates, primarily fiber and those found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains has been associated with longevity and weight-loss.13,14 Several studies have confirmed that eating vast amounts of these types of foods can help prevent cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and different cancers and promote better gastrointestinal health and function.14–17 Consumption of carbohydrate from refined and processed sources should be kept to a minimum.The Take Home MessageDon’t fear carbs! Just make sure to eat the right kinds from whole food sources. Ketogenic and carbohydrate-restricting diets may help us lose weight quickly in the short-term, but the long-term health consequences may not be worth it. Instead of embracing a dieting mentality and restricting and entire food-group, the focus should be on eating a varied diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and adequate amounts of fat and protein. Not only is this beneficial for long-term longevity and for preventing chronic illness, but the science says it can help with weight management as a secondary effect.
Team India’s man of the moment Ishant Sharma, whose seven wickets in the match against England ensured a Test win at Lord’s after 28 years, is getting congratulatory messages from allover the world. His parents, who live in Delhi, are also marvelling at the stellar performance of their son. “Its a great feeling, hope the team keeps winning in the rest of the tour as well,” said his mother Grisha Sharma.His father Vijay Sharma, however, gave the credits to the entire team.”We are very happy, it was a total team effort,” he said.After drawing the first Test at Trent Bridge, India won the second match by 95 runs.Right-arm pacer Ishant rattled the England batsmen by bowling bouncers regularly which helped him earn career-best figures of 7/74 and the Man of the Match award.