NewsRegional Guyana slams US human trafficking report by: – June 29, 2012 Tweet As in 2011, Guyana remains on Tier 2 in the latest US State Department report. (File photo)GEORGETOWN, Guyana, Friday June 29, 2012 – The Guyana government has denounced the latest US State Department report on trafficking in persons which contended that Georgetown has made no discernible progress in holding human trafficking offenders in Guyana accountable. It added that limited progress was made in preventing human trafficking during the reporting period.Echoing previous editions of its annual report, the US State Department said: “Guyana is a source and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor. Guyanese nationals have been subjected to human trafficking in other countries in the Caribbean region. Cases of human trafficking reported in the media generally involved women and girls in forced prostitution.”As in 2011, Guyana remains on Tier 2 in the latest report, which says that government does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so.Georgetown reacted on Wednesday via the Ministerial Task Force on Trafficking with a detailed, strongly worded statement in which it claimed that the US report “fails to establish not one single fact”. It went on to state that the architects of the report “have not made significant progress in improving the veracity, coherence and validity of their annual assessments”, adding that the Task Force “considers the report an affront to its members…”. It condemned one aspect of the report as “a total falsehood”.The full text of the statement follows:“The Ministerial Task Force on Trafficking in Persons finds the content of the US State Department’s most recent assessment of the Government of Guyana’s efforts to combat trafficking in persons, to use a local parlance, ‘a difficult pill to swallow’. The Report fails to establish not one single fact. The Task Force notes several inaccuracies and misrepresentations in the Report that must be addressed. What is clear is that the architects of this Report have not made significant progress in improving the veracity, coherence and validity of their annual assessments.“The Ministerial Task Force denounces the Report since it comprises unsubstantiated generalizations and repetitive uncorroborated claims. The Task Force strongly recommends that the US State Department seek to improve its methodology, establish proper baselines to guide comparisons, avoid use of anecdotal claims and develop a consistent, understandable, transparent and logical tier ranking system if countries are to benefit from these rituals.“The plethora of uncorroborated claims made in the Report can only result in a distorted view of the Guyanese reality as regards the national trafficking in persons’ situation. Further the Task Force considers the Report an affront to its members, frontline government staff and over one hundred (100) citizens who have been trained to identify and report trafficking in persons and have been doing so along with NGOs such as Help Shelter, Food for the Poor (Guyana) and the Catholic Relief Services (CRS) all of whom partnered with Government in responding to trafficking in persons matters.“While we were encouraged by what we felt at the time was meaningful dialogue between the Ministerial Task Force and US Embassy Officials, this Report raises significant concerns over the efficacy of these engagements. A perusal of the Report reveals two inescapable inferences; one, the architects had already decided what they wanted to put in the Report and two, the architects gave little or no credence to the information presented by government in partnership with NGOs. Consequently, those two factors beg the question of the usefulness of such engagements in future.“The danger of these unfounded claims and anecdotes that are replete in the US Report is that even though they are not the product of systematic research nor critical analysis they have nevertheless been published in the local media thus influencing public opinion. The US Report’s misrepresentation and scaremongering must be refuted because of its impact on the country’s image and the perpetuation of stereotypes and fears. Worst yet, it can lead to a waste of resources and energy, and a reduction in traditional opportunities for personal economic development and educational advancement.“Perhaps the most alarming aspect of the Report is the assertion that; “the government has not updated its National Plan of Action (NPA) to combat trafficking in persons since 2005.” This is a total falsehood.“During the engagements leading up to this report we shared with the US the National Plan of Action (NPA) that guided our response for the period 2010-2011. The plan covered prevention and awareness, direct assistance to victims of trafficking and criminal justice response to combat trafficking in persons.“The NPA comprised sixteen specific objectives: to provide information about Trafficking in Persons and safe migration to vulnerable communities; to improve cooperation mechanisms among key stakeholders to prevent TIP; to enhance capacity of hinterland communities to prevent Trafficking in Persons; to provide appropriate and comprehensive direct assistance to victims; to enhance capacity of stakeholders to identify victims and provide direct assistance through training; to formalize and strengthen a National Referral Mechanism and Inter-agency protocol; to enhance the capacity of the Law Enforcement Agency to investigate, prosecute and convict traffickers; and to enhance cooperative and enforcement mechanisms among neighbouring countries to convict traffickers and protect victims, inter alia.“One of the successful outputs of this plan was the formation of the Training and Awareness Sub-committee, a task oriented group to standardise training material and eliminate gaps in geographical coverage of awareness programmes.”“Equally startling is the claim that; “the government’s public insistence that human trafficking is not a significant problem in the country created a potential disincentive for police and court officials to address trafficking cases.” If we are to logically extend this line of reasoning then if government says that kidnapping and abductions rates in Guyana are negligible then according to the logic of the US Embassy the Government of Guyana can be accused of creating a disincentive for these crimes to be reported and investigated.“The Report goes on to say; “There was evidence that people could be penalized for reporting suspected human trafficking crimes to the police.” Police investigations into this matter pointed to the possibility that a young female was trafficked and that a family member was apparently complicit in the arrangement. It was further alleged, that the said family member had received a financial reward in return for her involvement. Although not widespread, this is the second time that the Guyanese authorities have found evidence indicating that family members were complicit in trafficking another family member. The fact that the family member eventually reported the matter is not sufficient to exonerate her of facilitating a crime.“Further, the Report states that; “Guyana is a source and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labour.” The Ministerial Task Force challenges the US Embassy to validate this assertion with quantitative data since none was provided. The Report provides no evidence of forced labour; in fact, in a surprisingly strange twist in its analysis, the Report accuses government of not doing enough to generate the data to back the “claim” made in the US Report!!“The architects of the Report punctuate their analysis with a view that there are “vulnerabilities” especially among hinterland residents. The Task Force wishes to emphasize that the Government of Guyana has gone about attacking trafficking in persons through the criminal justice system as well as social prevention measures. Programmes such as the Hinterland Scholarship Programme which has expanded over the years, the School Uniform Programme, economic assistance to single mothers, and skills training for youths all are aimed at tackling vulnerabilities and achieving human security.“This approach is in line with the Palermo Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children. Notwithstanding the fact that this social prevention approach has suffered a setback owing to opposition budget cuts, government is determined to attack vulnerabilities wherever it exists.“Unfortunately, the US assessment does not find any merit in this approach, yet in another strange twist of logic it highlights issues of vulnerabilities.“In so far as child labour is concerned, the Ministerial Task Force wishes to point out that even though child labour and trafficking in persons can overlap there are institutional arrangements in Guyana to address each of these issues. In addressing child labour and human smuggling the Guyanese authorities would usually seek to establish where trafficking exists and vice versa. In fact, the US Report alluded to a raid where Law Enforcement officials targeted commercial premises used for prostitution. While investigators did not find human trafficking, they however discovered breaches of Guyana’s Immigration Regulations.“In responding to the US Report, the Ministerial Task Force is obligated to defend our national image against unwarranted criticisms. While we applaud the efforts of the US to highlight this global issue, we encourage them to conduct more systematic research and be more objective in their analyses in future Reports. The Task Force is also cognizant of the useful role the local media can play in sensitising Guyanese against menaces to human security such as human trafficking. It is the intention of the Task Force to continue to engage the media constructively.“The Ministerial Task Force fully recognises the need for a robust response involving partnership among government agencies, and non-governmental stakeholders. This is a key component of the 2012-2013 NPA which is built on the four Ps strategy: prevention, prosecution, protection and partnership. Thus the Task Force’s current focus is to implement the deliverables set out in the NPA, including reviewing and improving the protocol for victim identification and direct victim assistance and the training of first responders.“The Ministerial Task Force intends to work with other government agencies to employ a range of social prevention measures to reduce vulnerabilities wherever they exist. We anticipate a more constructive engagement between local stakeholders and US Government. It would be remiss of us not to mention the training support offered by the US to enhance local capabilities for responding to trafficking and to publicly express our gratitude. We hope that such fruitful engagements will continue free of rancour and in the spirit of mutual respect. The Ministerial Task Force on Trafficking in Persons is committed and stands ready to continue working with all stakeholders to raise public awareness of trafficking in persons in Guyana.Caribbean 360 News Share Sharing is caring! Share 88 Views no discussions Share
A 16-year-old kweku Addo from the Tesano Sports Club made history on Sunday when he shattered Kofi Anku’s 50m freestyle national swimming record at the University of Ghana swimming pool.The previous record, 26.69 seconds, was set in 2012 at the same venue. After a breath taking performance in the 50m freestyle, the 16 year old swimming prodigy reduced the time to 25.09 seconds.“This means a lot to me, because just after two years of competitive swimming and hard work I have broken the record,” the softly spoken kweku Addo said.When asked about how he was able to achieve this feat, the teenager explained, “training has been intensive for the past few weeks and our manager (Kodwo Abbiw Jackson) really pushed us”.Abbiw kodwo Jackson, Tessano Dolphins Team Manager and coach, foresees a brighter future for the new sensation. “Kweku is the discovery of the year. I believe he will reduce the time and might be the first Ghanaian to make it to the Olympics (swimming) and possibly the second round”.The Loya Open Championship was sponsored by Promasidor Ghana in collaboration with the Swimming Association of Ghana, to spot and groom talent for the national swimming squad. According to the General Secretary of the Ghana swimming Association, Williams Kyei, Kweku Addo and Ophelia Swayne have made the required time to participate in the 4th FINA World Junior championship in Dubai, from 26th August to 31st August, 2013.“However, Abeiku Gyekye Jackson, 12, and Zenobia Addo, the younger sister of Kweku Addo, are within range of qualification to Dubai; don’t count them out yet,” said William kyei.Participants in the competition were drawn from Lincoln community school, Tessano Sports club, Association International School and the French school.Lincoln community school had the most number of entries in the competition, which included mostly foreigners. The main competition was between Tessano Dolphins and Lincoln community school as both teams gave good account of themselves in the pool, by winning the medals on offer.Lincoln dominated the medal haul, Tessano Dolphins decided to enter a lower number of swimmers in the competition and rested some of their key swimmers ahead of their trip (in two weeks ) to Germany, Arnsberg ,where they will be knocking horns with other swimming clubs from around the world in the 45th International Shswimfest competition. During the competition, teams supported their swimmers by roaring them on to victory amidst local ‘Jama’ music provided by NASAD (National Sports for All, Developers and Agency) Supporters union of Ghana.Click here for the detailed results
SANTA CLARA — Mitch Wishnowsky, a former Aussie rules football player who took up punting in 2014, was the 49ers’ first selection Saturday in the NFL draft. Wishnowsky was selected in the fourth round, No. 110 overall.Later, picking in the fifth round at No. 148, the 49ers took Arkansas linebacker Dre Greenlaw as part of a trade with Denver. With the first of three picks in the sixth round, the 49ers took Stanford tight end Kaden Smith at No. 176, then selected Vanderbilt tackle Justin Skule …
SAN JOSE — The Sharks were all too happy to have defenseman Erik Karlsson back in the lineup for Friday’s home opener with the Vegas Golden Knights at SAP Center. But that didn’t mean the problems the Sharks had encountered two days earlier at T-Mobile Arena were suddenly going to disappear.The Sharks, who were without Karlsson on Wednesday when he left Las Vegas shortly before the season-opening game to be with his expecting wife, Melinda, had multiple issues at both ends of the ice against …
Kuala Lumpur-based AirAsia is having another tilt at a joint venture in Vietnam that will pit it against the well-established operations of Jetstar Pacific and VIetJet. Wholly-owned AirAsia subsidiary AirAsia Investment Limited signed an agreement on March 30 week with Gumin Company Limited, the Hai Au Aviation Joint Stock Company and their owner Tran Trong Kien to establish a budget carrier in the fast-growing market.The budget carrier will own 30 per cent of the joint venture which plans to start flying in 2018, subject to Vietnam’s often difficult regulatory process.Vietnam’s aviation market has been growing at a healthy clip and Bloomberg estimates the growth is three times the rate in other Southeast Asian countries.Government statistics show there were 52.2 million air travellers in Vietnam in 2016, an increase of 29 per cent year-on-year, with 28 million flying domestically. The International Air Transport Association has predicted there will be 112 million new passengers in Vietnam over the next two decades.This is AirAsia’s third attempt to get a foothold in Vietnam as part of its strategy to establish an Asian network and the CAPA Centre for Aviation believes being late to the market will make the job more difficult. “ AirAsia was initially partnered with VietJet Air but the partnership was dissolved prior to VietJet commencing operations in late 2011,’’ CAPA said.“The market has since more than doubled in size, and Vietnam has emerged as Southeast Asia’s fastest growing market. “While there is further growth potential, the LCC incumbents VietJet and Jetstar Pacific have first mover advantage, and infrastructure constraints could make it difficult for any new entrant to establish a significant presence.”AirAsia will also need to overcome regulatory hurdles.”Known for publicity stunts involving bikini-clad girls, VietJet launched in 2011 as Vietnam’s first privately owned “new age” carrier and publicly listed earlier this year.It operates almost 40 Airbus A320 and A321 aircraft to about 60 domestic and international destinations with ports in Thailand, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Malaysia, China, Japan, Hong Kong and Myanmar. It hopes to have a fleet of 200 aircraft by 2023 and last year placed an order with Boeing for 100 737 MAX jets with a list price of $US11.3 billion.Jetstar Pacific launched in 2008 and now flies to 16 domestic and international destinations with a fleet of 10 Airbus A320 aircraft. It has plans to expand its fleet to 30 A320s.Australia’s Jetstar Group owns 30 per cent of the airline while Vietnam Airlines, which is also a codeshare partner with Jetstar, owns the remainder.Jetstar’s Australian long-haul operations will move in May to reconnect with its sister airline when it resumes flights to Ho Chi Minh City.Starting May 10, Jetstar will operate Boeing 787 Dreamliner services three times weekly from Melbourne and four times weekly from Sydney.Jetstar Group chief executive Jayne Hrdlicka in January described Vietnam as one of the fastest growing holiday destinations in South East Asia.“Vietnam has the potential to become as popular as Bali or Thailand for Australian travellers,” Hrdlicka said. “Vietnam is well known for its rich culture, vibrant cities, beaches and cuisine, and travellers can take advantage of the wide range of experiences the region has to offer.“We expect our low fares and direct flights will generate even more demand for holidays to Vietnam.’’Jetstar International first flew to Vietnam from Australia a decade ago.
“We might have got our formation wrong … but we came back into it and showed great character,” Arsenal midfielder Jack Wilshere. “We showed our quality going forward.”Unlike Chelsea. A recovery rarely looked on the cards from Antonio Conte’s disjointed side in a derby that exposed the visitors’ shortages in the squad.Chelsea’s attacking threat was sapped by the loss of Willian in the first half with a hamstring problem, and Conte was forced to bring on Ross Barkley for his debut.The new recruit from Everton was lacking sharpness in his first match since being injured May. But Conte was forced to deploy the midfielder as a “false nine” at times. It was little wonder the goal threat was so lacking from a side that won the Premier League last season.Chelsea’s hopes of defending that title faded long ago, with Man City 15 points ahead of the third-place champions. Arsenal is languishing in sixth place but Wenger is still through to a fourth domestic final in five seasons.ADVERTISEMENT View comments 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa For once, it’s not the FA Cup providing cover for Wenger. Arsenal’s defense of the more prestigious domestic cup ended at the first hurdle in an embarrassing loss to Nottingham Forest earlier this month. But a first trip to the League Cup final since 2011 gives Wenger a chance on Feb. 25 to add the only piece of domestic silverware missing in more than 21 years at Arsenal. Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Read Next Arsenal’s Shkodran Mustafi controls the ball during the English League Cup semifinal second leg soccer match between Chelsea and Arsenal at the Emirates stadium in London, Wednesday, Jan.24, 2018. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)LONDON — Two fortuitous goals helped Arsenal beat Chelsea 2-1 on Wednesday and seal a League Cup final meeting with Manchester City, providing a glimmer of joy in a gloomy domestic campaign.Both Arsenal goals received a helping hand from Chelsea defender Antonio Ruediger as the semifinal meeting of London rivals came to life after a sterile, scoreless first leg two weeks ago.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC LATEST STORIES Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises Antetokounmpo says Kidd helped him grow into dominant player NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers Chelsea raced into a seventh-minute lead through Eden Hazard but Arsenal quickly fought back. Nacho Monreal’s free header from a corner ricocheted off the heads of Chelsea duo Marcos Alonso and Ruediger before flying into the net in the 12th minute.Arsenal took the lead on the hour when Alexandre Lacazette’s cross was inadvertently diverted by Ruediger into the path of Granit Xhaka, who poked the ball past goalkeeper Willy Caballero.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“In the first half we gave them too much respect, maybe, and we suffered from that,” Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger said. “In the second half we rectified that.”In part thanks to Wenger’s shift to a three-man defense in the second half.
Source:ERA-EDTA There are relatively few treatments that have been shown to slow progression of CKD. As nephrologist, we have used sodium bicarbonate to correct metabolic acidosis in people with CKD for some time, but definite evidence of benefit has been lacking. Our study shows that this very cost-effective treatment is safe and improves kidney and patient survival,”Lead investigator Dr Antonio Bellasi Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 17 2019Defined as serum bicarbonate less than 22 mmol/L, metabolic acidosis is common in people with CKD stages 4-5 (eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2) and is directly related to worsening kidney function. Metabolic acidosis is a problem because it is associated with complications such as bone disease, muscle wasting, high levels of blood potassium (hyperkalemia), insulin resistance, high cholesterol (hyperlipidemia), and with a more rapid decline in kidney function--shown by rising blood creatinine--and increased risk of death.International guidelines recommend that, when serum bicarbonate concentration falls below 22 mmol/l, CKD patients should be treated with oral sodium bicarbonate to maintain serum bicarbonate within the normal range, unless contraindicated. However, until recently, very few studies have tested the effectiveness of bicarbonate therapy in improving metabolic acidosis or its potential benefits in patients with CKD.Related StoriesOne-fifth of U.S. surgeons still 'overusing' riskier method to create kidney dialysis access, study findsLow dose of endotoxin could have protective effect on men at risk of acute kidney injuryNew imaging probe allows earlier detection of acute kidney failureResults of the UBI trial announced for the first time during the ERA-EDTA Congress in Budapest, now provide strong evidence for the benefits of correcting metabolic acidosis with sodium bicarbonate in people with late-stage CKD.The prospective, open-label, randomized controlled trial assigned 740 patients with CKD-3b and CKD stage 4 to either sodium bicarbonate (376 patients) or standard care without sodium bicarbonate (364 patients). The patients had a mean age of 67.8 years, creatinine clearance 30 ml/min, and serum bicarbonate 21.5 mmol/l. At the end of three years, doubling of creatinine occurred in significantly fewer patients randomized to sodium bicarbonate: 6.6% versus 17.0% receiving standard care, p<0.001. This translates into a relative risk reduction of 64% in kidney disease progression (hazard ratio [HR] 0.36; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.22-0.58; p<0.001).Similarly, the likelihood of starting RRT was also significantly lower in the sodium bicarbonate group. At the end of the study, 6.9% of patients receiving sodium bicarbonate had started RRT compared to 12.3% of the standard care group--a relative risk reduction of 50% (p=0.004; HR: 0.5; 95% CI: 0.31-0.81; p=0.005). The risk of death was also significantly lower among sodium bicarbonate-treated patients at 3.1% compared to 6.8 % of the standard care group--a relative risk reduction of 57% (p=0.004; HR 0.43; 95%CI 0.22-0.87; p=0.01). Treatment with sodium bicarbonate was well tolerated, with no significant effects on blood pressure, total body weight or hospitalizations.
Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Volume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Better Bug Sprays?01:33 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65945-tiny-worms-emit-loud-noise.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35Your Recommended Playlist01:33Better Bug Sprays?01:08Why Do French Fries Taste So Bad When They’re Cold?04:24Sperm Whale Befriends Underwater Robot00:29Robot Jumps Like a Grasshopper, Rolls Like a Ball02:31Surgical Robotics00:29Video – Giggly Robot关闭 Tiny, feisty worms that live off the coast of Japan fight by headbutting each other — and they aren’t quiet about it. During these feuds, the worms emit one of the loudest sounds in the ocean, according to a new study. The source of the underwater hullabaloo is a nearly transparent segmented worm called the Leocratides kimuraorum, which lives inside sponges 279 to 554 feet (85 to 169 meters) deep off the coast of Japan. [The 12 Weirdest Animal Discoveries]Advertisement These wigglies are just a tad more than an inch (29 millimeters) long and have lengthy tentacles and a big mouth (literally). These seemingly quiet creatures revealed their true nature under the spotlight in the lab. A group of researchers used an instrument called a hydrophone to record 15 pops that were emitted from three kimuraorums as they were fighting. In a marine feud researchers dub “mouth-fighting,” the worms approached each other headfirst with their mouths open. During such encounters, the worms’ pharynx muscles expand rapidly, creating a cavitation bubble that collapses and produces a loud “pop” while the worms launch into each other. The researchers found that these pops can reach 157 decibels in the water (which is a different measurement than decibels in the air). From right next to the water tank, the pops sounded like humans snapping their fingers, lead author Goto Ryutaro, an assitant professor at Kyoto University told Live Science. “Though they probably sound louder if you hear them in the water.” The worms are as loud as snapping shrimps, which are one of the biggest noisemakers in the ocean, the authors wrote. What’s more, they found that these worms did not make any noise when simply disturbed, they only did so when they were fighting. They “may use mouth-fighting to defend territory or living chambers from other worms,” the authors wrote July 8 in the journal Current Biology. “A loud pop may be a byproduct of the rapid mouth attack, but it may also aid intraspecific communication.” A loud noise could somehow determine the victor of the fight or even reveal the whereabouts of nearby worms, they wrote. Strange Love: 10 Animals with Truly Weird Courtship Rituals The 10 Strangest Animal Discoveries 13 Extremely Weird Animal Feet Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoKelley Blue Book2019 Lexus Vehicles Worth Buying for Their Resale ValueKelley Blue BookUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoArticles VallyDad Cuts Daughter’s Hair Off For Getting Birthday Highlights, Then Mom Does The UnthinkableArticles VallyUndoNucificTop Dr. Reveals The 1 Nutrient Your Gut Must HaveNucificUndo