Two evolutionists appeal to “evolutionary forces” to explain the rise of bad science.A guy saws off the branch he’s sitting on. That’s a common theme in cartoons. Sometimes it happens in real life, too. In fact, there’s a Darwin Awards program for people who do stupid things that risk eliminating themselves from the gene pool (example on YouTube). This week, perhaps, it should be awarded to a couple of Darwinian scientists who say, according to New Scientist, “Evolutionary forces are causing a boom in bad science.”Paul Smaldino and Richard McElreath at the University of California Davis used an evolutionary theory-based computational model to analyse the problem of bad science. They found that “the most powerful incentives in contemporary science actively encourage, reward and propagate poor research methods and abuse of statistical procedures”. In short, it’s natural selection for shoddy science.There’s widespread concern that science is in a state of crisis. Vox.com reported results of a survey of 270 scientists about the seven biggest problems facing science:Academia has a huge money problem.Too many studies are poorly designed [i.e., not intelligently designed].Replicating results is crucial. But scientists rarely do it.Peer review is broken. [See 7/09/16]Too much science is locked behind paywalls.Science is poorly communicated to the public.Life as a young academic is incredibly stressful.But since natural selection cannot get from “is” to “ought”, there’s no way to call the situation bad or good. It just is what it is. In fact, if natural selection produced eyes and wings and a myriad of other trophies of progress, then Smaldino and McElreath ought to celebrate this new evolutionary innovation they call “bad science.”Smaldino and McElreath found that their model pushed researchers to do less rigorous science, and publish more false positives. They suggest that their model shows that bad science can be explained as a result of the evolutionary selective pressures that are acting on scientists.But how can they call rigorous science a virtue? The tree sloth is not rigorous. The earthworm is not rigorous. Some creatures are rigorous, like the peregrine falcon, but some are not. As for false positives, deception is common in nature: some butterflies mimic toxic species to avoid being eaten. If evolutionary selective pressures are acting on scientists, then Praise the Origin! Darwin’s theory is working, and humans are evolving—just like another article on New Scientist claims. On what basis can they ask scientists to escape the irrepressible evolutionary pressures that are acting on them?The only way Smaldino and McElreath can call bad science “bad” is to appeal to a standard that does not evolve. Perhaps they could use one that says, “Thou shalt not bear false witness” or “Thou shalt not covet what is thy neighbor’s” or “Whatever you do, do it heartily as to the Lord and not unto men.”Isn’t it funny how proponents of self-refuting claims fail to see through their own fallacies? Speaking of cartoons, they’re like Daffy Duck the moment before he realizes he just skied off a cliff. Hanging in mid-air, he continues quacking away, until he happens to look down. Then there’s that brief look of “Uh-oh!” and – pfew! Gravity takes over.Do your charitable duty while Daffy is quacking away. Snap your fingers to get his attention, and point down. Some may wish to do this before he skis off the cliff. (Visited 47 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
29 April 2013South Africa’s Ernst van Dyk, who won a silver medal in the hotly contested London Paralympic hand cycling road race at Brands Hatch, is a two-sport star. His most recent foray abroad brought him more wheelchair racing success in the Boston and London marathons.Van Dyk, a nine-time Boston Marathon winner, claimed silver this time around in the American city and picked up bronze in London a week later.“These two marathons have always been back-to-back, so to win a double six days apart would be quite an achievement,” he said in an interview with Cycling South Africa.HecticVan Dyk endured a hectic six days in the wake of the Boston Marathon bombings, but thankfully returned home unscathed. “Initially we heard the first explosion,” he said. “Nobody was sure what it was. I thought it might be premature fireworks and everyone ran to the window of the hotel where we were celebrating the end of the race.“As we stared out, the second explosion occurred right in front of our window. It was an incredible blast and people got badly hurt. I couldn’t imagine who would do such a thing.“The Boston marathon has so much history. And they didn’t attack the runners. It was targeted at the families supporting the athletes.”SwimmingThe South African star, who as a 17-year-old also competed in swimming at the 1992 Barcelona Paralympics, has been one of the leading wheelchair racers in the two marathons for the past 14 years, but he also switches to hand cycling from time to time too.“For the London Paralympics I focused on cycling,” he said. “During the Beijing Paralympics, I won a gold medal in the cycling road race and a bronze medal in the wheelchair marathon. I was the only athlete to medal in two sporting codes.”Discussing last year’s Paralympic Games, Van Dyk added: “For London, we did not get a lot of athletics spots, so I gave up my place, which I achieved by finishing in sixth at the 2011 World Champs, so that a youngster could make the team, seeing that I was already going for cycling.”Van Dyk says the two sports of hand cycling and wheelchair racing are similar in terms of tactics. “The big difference is that in wheelchair racing we don’t have a crank, chain or gears. So physically, it’s very pure.Only two“I’m one of the very few athletes doing both disciplines. I think there are only two of us.”Besides his achievements in competition, Van Dyk is also very proud of the fact that he was the first person with a disability to graduate with a degree in sports science from Stellenbosch University.He is an ambassador for the International Paralympic Committee and the Laureus Sport for Good Foundation.SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material
Return to article. Long DescriptionLiving on Credit Cards by Images MoneyBe incredibly careful with paying bills on timeThose who are on the road to rebuilding credit must be scrupulous about paying every single bill on time, every time. It is probably advisable to put bills on auto-pay whenever possible, but don’t do this if it might result in overdrafts, and don’t forget to change these auto-pay setups if anything changes in your banking situation. Another way to handle it is to set up multiple reminders in electronic calendars and on cell phones (some companies will also send you reminders). If for some reason you know you will not be able to pay a bill, in part or in full, call the company ahead of time and speak to someone.Consider becoming an authorized user on someone else’s credit cardIf a secured credit card is not a possibility, or even if it is, another avenue towards beginning to reestablish credit is to become a secured user on another person’s credit card. It is important to understand that this basically gives you all the rights and privileges of the credit card with none of the financial responsibilities, so the card-holder must have a high degree of trust in the user that the user must not betray, or discord will inevitably follow. Becoming an authorized user also does not build your credit as well as holding your own card would. Build up an emergency fund so you don’t get in trouble all over againThe basic emergency fund is such a key financial tool, but it’s amazing how many Americans don’t have this cushion available. Such a fund is no doubt even more important for people coming back from bankruptcy. Although it may be hard to build up, it’s worth it. Even $250 can make a big difference.Create and stick to a budgetAlthough bankruptcy often does come about as the result of unavoidable circumstances, such as massive medical bills, recovering from this situation may well entail learning or relearning good budgeting habits, so that the consumer does not get caught in the same situation again. Making and sticking to a clear and user-friendly monthly budget with realistic and accurate numbers can help bankruptcy filers stay on track in the long term, especially if they are attempting to repay obligations under Chapter 13. Watch out for predatory lendersPayday loans, rent-to-own, car title loans…all these predatory practices are a bad idea for borrowers, but these businesses tend to know that consumers with poor credit are especially likely to fall into this trap. As a result, they may market to those in this situation. People with poor credit need to be especially careful to avoid these dangerous loans. By Carol ChurchBad credit can and does happen to good people. Whether it’s the result of a huge and unexpected medical bill, or a painful divorce, bad decisions made in someone’s youth, bankruptcy, or a foreclosed home, the results can be a lot of anxiety, self-blame, and fear that credit will never be obtainable again. This problem is common among members of our nation’s armed forces. However, as long as those with poor credit turn over a new leaf, the good news is that “time heals.” As the years go by, if credit-related behavior is responsible, credit scores should gradually improve. However, that can be a long time to wait. What can be done to start rebuilding a low credit score as soon as possible? Start fresh with a secured credit cardA secured credit card is a credit card that requires applicants to put down a deposit before opening an account. In this way, the issuer has money to fall back on if the cardholder becomes delinquent. Most of the time, the deposit amount will be equivalent to the card’s credit limit.It’s important for cardholders to remember that even though they have paid the full value of the card as a deposit, secured cards work just like “regular” credit cards—they need to pay by the statement due date, and if they don’t pay in full, they will be charged interest. Those who handle secured credit cards well may be offered the opportunity to “transform” the secured card into a regular one, but should be sure to look at the fees and benefits of the card first.Watch credit reports like a hawkMake sure you file for your free credit report every year. Read it, and find and fix any mistakes. There will be accurate, negative items on that report, so don’t let untruthful ones pull the score down any further. Try a credit builder loan from a credit unionTypically issued to its members by a credit union, a credit builder loan is intended to help people with poor credit or no credit build credit, at no risk to the bank. Typically, it works like this: The bank “loans” you a relatively small amount of money ($250-1500), but you don’t actually receive it until the end of the loan. Instead, you pay the bank a set amount every month, on time, including some (relatively low) interest, and then get the amount at the end. Success will mean that your credit score goes up. It sounds a little crazy, but the idea is to prove to the credit bureaus that you can be trusted to pay a bill on time.If you have some money in the bank but can’t get credit, you can also use this same concept to “borrow against” the money you yourself have in the bank. That money is inaccessible to you until you “pay off” the credit builder loan. Flikr image obtained 2/10/2016. Photo by: https://www.flickr.com/photos/59937401@N07/
Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City It might have been that middle blocker Celine Domingo used to don the red of the Lady Warriors, but skipper Bernadeth Pons echoed her mentor’s words.Pons admitted what they displayed in their victory over UE, 25-20, 25-17, 24-26, 25-22, wasn’t their best and they vow to do better in the future games.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“We all know that the way we played wasn’t in the level on what we are capable of,” said Pons in Filipino Saturday at Filoil Flying V Centre. “We weren’t at one hundred percent there, coach said that it was just 60 percent.”The 0-6 Lady Warriors, who played their first game without beleaguered former head coach Francis Vicente, managed to steal the third set to prevent a sweep. Pussycat Dolls set for reunion tour after 10-year hiatus Read Next LATEST STORIES FEU posts 2nd straight win at expense of UE Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding “We have to explain to each other that we have to give it all especially in our future games,” added Pons as she finished with 21 points.As for Domingo, putting up 19 points and scoring off six blocks was a testament that she’s happy with her current situation with the Lady Tamaraws as they improved to 3-2 in the standings.“It’s quite challenging because I was thinking that I used to play with these girls in front of me, I was with them two years ago,” said Domingo in Filipino. “So what I did is play, do my part, and show that I am happy here in FEU.”Domingo was vital in the clutch for FEU, first denying Mary Ann Mendrez for the Lady Tamaraws’ 23-19 lead in the fourth before scoring an off-balanced kill for her team’s 24-21 match point.ADVERTISEMENT Google honors food scientist, banana ketchup inventor and war hero Maria Orosa MOST READ Families in US enclave in north Mexico hold sad Thanksgiving LOOK: Iya Villania meets ‘Jumanji: The Next Level’ cast in Mexico Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH AFP official booed out of forum View comments Far Eastern University head coach George Pascua said that his players did show a little bit of mercy when they beat University of the East in four sets in the UAAP Season 80 women’s volleyball tournament.ADVERTISEMENT
zoom Qatar-based LNG shipping company Nakilat and Greek shipping company Maran Ventures Inc. have expanded their joint venture partnership with two additional LNG vessels.The new agreement increases the number of vessels jointly-owned by Nakilat and Maran Gas from 13 to 15 vessels.The two newly added vessels, Woodside Rogers and Woodside Goode, featuring 159,800 cbm each, were built by Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co (DSME) in 2013.In addition, the two vessels are under a long-term charter and equipped with Dual Fuel Diesel-Electric (DFDE) propulsion models, Nakilat said.“We are delighted at this opportunity to further strengthen our long-term strategic relationship. We look forward to working closely together in the future, continuing to strive to provide a first-class service to all our LNG customers,” Chairman of Maran Gas, John Angelicoussis said.Maran Nakilat Co. Ltd. was first established in 2005 with four jointly-owned LNG vessels, and was further expanded on several occasions.“Strategic alliance with renowned partners has been fundamental to our success, and we are always looking for opportunities to grow our international presence. Nakilat now has an ownership interest in 69 vessels, affirming our global leadership in energy transportation with the world’s largest LNG fleet,” Nakilat’s Chief Executive Officer Eng. Abdullah Al Sulaiti said.