Two evolutionists appeal to “evolutionary forces” to explain the rise of bad science.A guy saws off the branch he’s sitting on. That’s a common theme in cartoons. Sometimes it happens in real life, too. In fact, there’s a Darwin Awards program for people who do stupid things that risk eliminating themselves from the gene pool (example on YouTube). This week, perhaps, it should be awarded to a couple of Darwinian scientists who say, according to New Scientist, “Evolutionary forces are causing a boom in bad science.”Paul Smaldino and Richard McElreath at the University of California Davis used an evolutionary theory-based computational model to analyse the problem of bad science. They found that “the most powerful incentives in contemporary science actively encourage, reward and propagate poor research methods and abuse of statistical procedures”. In short, it’s natural selection for shoddy science.There’s widespread concern that science is in a state of crisis. Vox.com reported results of a survey of 270 scientists about the seven biggest problems facing science:Academia has a huge money problem.Too many studies are poorly designed [i.e., not intelligently designed].Replicating results is crucial. But scientists rarely do it.Peer review is broken. [See 7/09/16]Too much science is locked behind paywalls.Science is poorly communicated to the public.Life as a young academic is incredibly stressful.But since natural selection cannot get from “is” to “ought”, there’s no way to call the situation bad or good. It just is what it is. In fact, if natural selection produced eyes and wings and a myriad of other trophies of progress, then Smaldino and McElreath ought to celebrate this new evolutionary innovation they call “bad science.”Smaldino and McElreath found that their model pushed researchers to do less rigorous science, and publish more false positives. They suggest that their model shows that bad science can be explained as a result of the evolutionary selective pressures that are acting on scientists.But how can they call rigorous science a virtue? The tree sloth is not rigorous. The earthworm is not rigorous. Some creatures are rigorous, like the peregrine falcon, but some are not. As for false positives, deception is common in nature: some butterflies mimic toxic species to avoid being eaten. If evolutionary selective pressures are acting on scientists, then Praise the Origin! Darwin’s theory is working, and humans are evolving—just like another article on New Scientist claims. On what basis can they ask scientists to escape the irrepressible evolutionary pressures that are acting on them?The only way Smaldino and McElreath can call bad science “bad” is to appeal to a standard that does not evolve. Perhaps they could use one that says, “Thou shalt not bear false witness” or “Thou shalt not covet what is thy neighbor’s” or “Whatever you do, do it heartily as to the Lord and not unto men.”Isn’t it funny how proponents of self-refuting claims fail to see through their own fallacies? Speaking of cartoons, they’re like Daffy Duck the moment before he realizes he just skied off a cliff. Hanging in mid-air, he continues quacking away, until he happens to look down. Then there’s that brief look of “Uh-oh!” and – pfew! Gravity takes over.Do your charitable duty while Daffy is quacking away. Snap your fingers to get his attention, and point down. Some may wish to do this before he skis off the cliff. (Visited 47 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
South Africa boasts mature capital markets that serve the domestic economy as well as the wider continent. The Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) is the world’s 19th largest exchange, and offers investors five key financial markets: equities, bonds, currency, equity and commodity derivatives. History The JSE was formed in 1887 to facilitate the first South African gold rush. Following the first legislation covering financial markets in 1947, the JSE joined the World Federation of Exchanges in 1963 and upgraded to an electronic trading system in the early 1990s. The bourse demutualised and listed on the JSE in 2005. In 2003 the bourse launched AltX, an alternative exchange for small and mid-sized listings, followed by the Yield X for interest rate and currency instruments. The JSE acquired the South African Futures Exchange (SAFEX) in 2001 and the Bond Exchange of South Africa (BESA) in 2009.Equity market With a market capitalisation of $929-billion as of the end of 2012, Johannesburg is the biggest exchange on the continent, significantly larger than both Cairo ($60-billion) and Lagos ($55-billion). It is also highly liquid, with the value of trades hitting R3.4trillion ($418.2-billion) in 2012, up from R3.3trillion ($400.1-billion) in 2011 and R3-trillion ($364.5-billion) in 2010. There are approximately 400 companies listed on the exchange across Main Board and AltX. While a number of heavyweights like AngloGold Ashanti, British American Tobacco, SABMiller and telecommunications firm MTN account for a large share of the market, the exchange has cultivated a diverse variety of offerings. The JSE is indexed by the FTSE/JSE Africa Index Series, a partnership between JSE and the FTSE Group. The main two measurements of performance are the All Share Index (ASI), covering 99% of market capitalisation, and the All Share Top 40 Top Companies Index, which tracks the top listings in a representative spread of sectors. South African bond market South Africa’s fixed-income market accounts for 96% of the value of all African bonds. The majority of South African bonds are issued by government and state-owned entities but the number of corporate bonds issued is growing. Bond trading is available on the stock exchange, which also offers over-the-counter depository services and a variety of bond-based derivatives, including bond futures, forward-rate agreements, vanilla swaps and standard bond options. The JSE is aiming to attract new issuers to the bourse, including those offering rand- denominated foreign notes, which are now treated as domestic securities following a successful negotiation with the South African Reserve Bank. In November 2012 the Namibian government floated a R850-million ($103.6-million) 10-year bond priced at 8.26%, the first tranche of a R3-billion ($365.7-million) programme, and the JSE hopes to encourage other African countries to list debt on the exchange.Derivatives The JSE offers trading of a variety of derivatives, including futures and options on equities, bonds, indices, interest rates, currencies and commodities. The JSE is ranked the sixth top exchange by number of single stock futures traded and ninth by the number of currency derivatives traded in 2012 in the World Federation Annual Derivatives Survey. FSB website: www.fsb.co.zaReserve Bank website: www.resbank.co.za Website: www.world-exchanges.org Foreign listings In 2011, South Africa’s inward listing rules were changed to allow foreign domiciled companies to be treated as domestic listings. While foreign firms had been allowed to list on the JSE since 2004, they had been subject to foreign exchange rules, which limited the amount of these equities that local investors could hold. The lifting of these restrictions has been an important regulatory shift for the exchange makes the JSE a more attractive listings destination. Information supplied by the JSE. For more, visit www.jse.co.za Reviewed: 6 June 2013Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material While these regulatory changes will likely hasten the move of trading from OTC to the JSE, the JSE have also taken steps to make the exchange a more attractive platform for this activity. This includes improving transparency in the JSE’s fee structure and continuous product innovation. Membership More than 110 equities and 50 bond brokers are licensed in South Africa, a mixture of local and foreign outfits. There are more than 100 equity derivatives members, 50 commodity derivatives members and more than 50 currency derivatives members.Technology The JSE has undertaken major technological upgrades to improve the latency of trading times and embarked on reform of the clearing and settlement timeframe. In July 2012 the JSE implemented a new trading platform the Millennium Exchange in the equities market, while at the same time moving the trading system from London to Johannesburg. Following this successful transition trades can now be executed up to 400 times faster than under the previous TradElect system. The change allows for increased liquidity and more high-frequency traders. Regulation The JSE currently acts as the frontline regulator, setting listing requirements and enforcing trading rules. The Financial Services Board (FSB) supervises the JSE in the commission of its regulatory duties and, as the JSE has no criminal or civil jurisdiction, processes any cases where statutory legislation has been contravened. The regulatory landscape is set to change significantly in the near future, as South Africa looks to implement a twin peaks model of oversight. Under the new system, prudential supervision will be transferred to the South African Reserve Bank (SARB) and market conduct regulation will be led by a bolstered FSB. The JSE will continue to act as frontline regulator while it will report to the FSB as the lead regulator, a concept endorsed in 2012 to avoid overlaps in jurisdiction between the FSB and the Reserve Bank. South Africa is currently ranked 1st in the world in terms of regulation of securities exchanges in the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Survey for 2012- 2013. This is an accolade for both the JSE its regulators.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Ben Brown, Program Manager for the Ohio State University Farm Management ProgramFor the last few years, soybeans have provided a per acre return to producers greater than corn. Thus, acreage shifts to soybeans have ensued across the Midwest. The ratio of new crop soybean to corn prices from November 2017 to April 2018 traded at 2.5:1. Historically a ratio of 2.5:1 or greater signaled that acres would continue to move from corn to soybeans and that the expectation was for more soybean acres in 2018. However, in March producer signaled that they intended to plant 1 million fewer acres than 2017. With a trend yield of 48.5 bushels per acre, the expected soybean crop would be the third largest crop on record behind the record set in 2017 and the third straight year over 4 billion bushels. Weather will be the largest factor over the summer months to the final production value, but expectations are for another large crop. The carry-over from 2017 was also high creating an expectation that the 2018 supply will be 2.5% higher than a year ago.Demand for soybeans and soybean products continues to be strong. Increases in livestock numbers, especially pigs, has driven demand for soybean meal. Increases in crude oil prices could encourage use of biodiesel and expand soybean crush further. Chinese per capita income is strengthening and the demand for pork continues to grow internationally. Exports of U.S. soybeans to China have tripled in the last decade, but since 2012, Brazil has been the largest supplier of soybeans to China. Nearly 60% of U.S. soybean exports head to China, and the strength of that market will continue to influence U.S. soybean demand. Exports are projected higher in 2018, but Chinese tariffs could shrink Chinese demand of U.S. soybeans. The drought in South American weakened Chinese leverage over the U.S, as production in South America finished below expectations. Overall, the growth in soybean use appears strong at a 5.5% increase next year, but international trade and weather provide large uncertainties looking forward.Soybean prices in 2018 are expected to be similar to 2017 with the potential for a rally in late June, which would set up an opportunity for producers to contract grain. Trade uncertainty in the Chinese market could change the outlook for soybean profitability for both old and new crop soybeans. Weekly sales numbers will be an important indicator of the ending U.S. export value.Access to Brown’s full report with information on poultry, eggs and wheat can be found here: https://aede.osu.edu/sites/aede/files/imce/images/Current%20Commodity%20Situation%20and%20Outlook%20for%20Ohio%20Report%20.pdf.
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Every 18 seconds someone is diagnosed with HIV LATEST STORIES Bualee is the PVL’s most decorated import with her achievements dating back to when the league was still named the Shakey’s V-League.Included in Bualee’s resume are six Best Scorers, two conference MVPs, and one Finals MVP.Valdez added they have to find a way to finish matches stronger after dropping the third set against the Water Defenders in quick fashion.“It’s really frustrating, you get the first set, you almost win the second set then your energy and confidence, as a team, just plummets come the third set,” said Valdez, who had 12 points in the loss. “This is a learning experience for the team and I hope we can change the mindset come the second game.”ADVERTISEMENT Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Bali Pure edges Creamline in Game 1 of PVL semis MOST READ Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netCreamline skipper Alyssa Valdez said Saturday that their miserable record against Bali Pure has certainly affected the entire team, and with the Cool Smashers battling for a spot in the finals the ace hitter added they better change their mindset.“Definitely the record is affecting the team,” said Valdez after losing for a third straight time to the Water Defenders, dropping a 22-25, 25-23, 25-14, 25-21 in the semifinals of the Premier Volleyball League Reinforced Conference at Filoil Flying V Centre in San Juan.ADVERTISEMENT Palace: Duterte to hear out security execs on alleged China control of NGCP BREAKING: Cop killed, 11 hurt in Misamis Oriental grenade blast Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ BSP survey: PH banks see bright horizon amid dark global recession clouds Cayetano dares Lacson, Drilon to take lie-detector test: Wala akong kinita sa SEA Games View comments BREAKING: Cop killed, 11 hurt in Misamis Oriental grenade blast Pagasa: Storm intensifies as it nears PAR Valdez and company are 0-3 against the Water Defenders dating back to the elimination round.Bali Pure’s first win came off a four-setter, 26-24, 17-25, 25-23, 28-26, back in May 16 when Valdez carried the Cool Smashers with 27 points.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutCreamline again lost for a second time a week later, 20-25, 25-23, 19-25, 25-18, 15-7, but Valdez played sparingly and she finished with just two points.“We’re really working hard to perform well and give a good fight, and we failed to give our opponents that,” said Valdez. “Bali Pure is a veteran team with Jeng [Bualee] and Grethcel [Soltones] have played in commercial leagues and international competitions.” Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games
Records from 1996 World CupGary Kirsten’s 188* against the UAE is the highest score in a World Cup match. He scored that during the 1996 World CupSri Lanka hold the record for the highest total in the World Cup – 398/5 against Kenya in 1996.Anil Kumble was the highest wicket-taker in the 1996 tournament with 15 scalps.Mark Waugh was the first batsman to score consecutive tons during a World Cup. He did that against Kenya and India 1996.The first semi-final between Sri Lanka and India saw the Lankans winning the match by Default – a first. Chasing 252 for victory, India were 120 for 8 at the Eden Gardens when the spectators went violent and started throwing fruits and bottles on the field. The match was stopped and Sri Lanka adjudged the winners.
A former President of Briar Cliff University was honored Thursday by having the main academic hub for the University’s undergraduate programs named in her honor.Bev Wharton was the longest tenured president of Briar Cliff, serving for fifteen years:Audio Playerhttp://kscj.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/BEV.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.OC……….to Briar Cliff. ;12Wharton was instrumental in completing the eleven million dollar, three story expansion to Heelan Hall in 2014, adding modern components to the building constructed in the 1930’s:Audio Playerhttp://kscj.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/BEV2.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.OC………for our students. :14Wharton says those students and the campus will always remain dear to her:Audio Playerhttp://kscj.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/BEV3.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.OC……….for the world. ;23The modern classroom section will now forever be known as the Beverly A. Wharton Learning Center at Briar Cliff.
Advertisement Advertisement Twitter According to the MS Society of Canada, MS is currently classified as an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (brain, spinal cord). The disease attacks myelin, the protective covering of the nerves, causing inflammation and often damaging the myelin. This can nerve impulses or permanent nerve damage. Emmy-winning music composer Jef Beal (right) tells filmmaker Matt Embry (left) about his battle with multiple sclerosis and his experience with a controversial surgical treatment in Living Proof. Facebook Login/Register With: READ MORE Personal stories are at the heart of this year’s featured documentaries at the Calgary International Film Festival this year. LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Advertisement Announced on Wednesday, 18 documentaries will screened at this year’s festival, including Living Proof, in which Calgary director Matt Embry dives into the medical ecosystem around multiple sclerosis – from the billion dollar pharmaceutical industry to alternative solutions.