(Visited 414 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Materialism brought forth modernism, which glorified bland utility. Some want to bring back the Christian virtue of beauty.Walk through housing tracts and commercial centers built in the first half of the 20th century, and you are likely to get depressed. Plain horizontal lines predominate. Cubical, unimaginative forms with flat roofs and and bare walls devoid of ornamentation draw the eye nowhere. Colorless steel and concrete, far removed from nature, give a feeling of walking in Soviet factory cities. The relationship is as plain as the architecture: materialism brought forth communism as well as modernism. Architects of the period, like German architect Bruno Taut, were on a campaign to destroy beauty:“Oh, our concepts: space, home, style! Ugh, how these concepts stink! Destroy them, put an end to them! Let nothing remain!” (ref: John West, Darwin Day in America, p. 194)John West traces the materialist roots of modernist architecture.What replaced the ornamental beauty of Victorian architecture was The New Architecture, Futurist Architecture, The International Style, or simply, Modern Architecture. The new emphasis was on function, not form; utilitarianism, not ornamentation. And it was ugly. In chapter 9 of Darwin Day in America, John West describes the movement, and quotes its leading lights. They looked on the ornateness of Gothic cathedrals and Baroque interiors as grotesque. From one extreme, they sprang to the other. Arches, columns and decorative facades were out. Banality was in. “In the Futurists’ view,” West says, “a building really was reducible to its construction materials, and therefore the most honest building was one where the materials rather than aesthetic considerations were allowed to determine everything about the building.”West traces the spread of this mode of architecture from Germany after the first world war. The Bauhaus movement, emphasizing radically streamlined forms, spread from there throughout Europe. Despising “romantic gloss” and “wasteful frivolity,” these architects gave rise to cities of ugly monotony, with “cold, utilitarian, and numbingly standardized” building projects. In essence, it was a rejection of individuality. And what was their motivation? Materialism, West argues. Many of the leaders of futurist architecture were avowed materialists, who traced their materialism to Darwinism. Human beings were representatives of a species, with the same needs. They should be happy living in white cardboard boxes, all alike. In a world governed by impersonal natural laws, who should care about individual creativity?The Return to BeautyA backlash against cold utilitarianism began in the late 1950s. Post-modernism began to replace modernism. The inertia gained by the modernists would take a long time to stop, however. One can still see it in the bland furniture sold by Ikea, with its flat-painted tables and chairs with unimaginative square corners deprived of ornamentation, its plain metal picture frames, its monochromatic cushions emphasizing functionality over beauty. Government housing projects often resemble stacked concrete slabs with minimal openings, all the same, extending for many blocks. The banality of these buildings must take its toll on the attitude of their inhabitants. That’s why psychologists are coming to realize the value of parks, open spaces and trees on the well-being of people in cities and apartments (17 July 2018). The beauty of nature, by contrast, often inspires works of great art.We humans seem to have a natural aversion to these fruits of modernism. A backlash is going on right now in the UK. Breitbart News reports that Sir Roger Scruton, a celebrated conservative philosopher who was partly responsible for helping open eastern Europe from communist domination, has been selected to lead a commission on new housing standards that is a “blow to modernism,” according to the article.Communities Minister James Brokenshire announced the Building Better, Building Beautiful commission at the weekend, a body which will “promote better design and style of homes, villages, towns and high streets, to reflect what communities want, building on the knowledge and tradition of what they know works for their area.”This article presents the contrast between traditional values and modernist values in bold colors. Who is opposing Scruton’s appointment?The body, which will be chaired by Scruton — an expert on the philosophy of aesthetics and a rare self-professed conservative in UK academia — is expected to produce a report, which will “advocate for beauty in the built environment” by December 2019. Because Scruton is an unapologetic social conservative the announcement has been pounced upon by the left who have demanded his removal using — as James Delingpole reports — confected outrage and “offence archaeology”.Again,Scruton’s appointment was immediately attacked by the left, and The Guardian newspaper took the opportunity to republish their previous claim that he resembles a narrow-minded racist because of his views on architecture.Charges of racism and Islamophobia, most people know now, are empty reflexes by those lacking facts with which to make a reasoned argument.Where does Scruton’s motivation for beauty come from? He clearly has a disdain for the “cult of ugliness” produced by modernism. Another article cited by Breitbart says he is “instinctively hostile to Modernist… horizontal slabs.” Government housing projects, he argues, need not be eyesores of sameness extending from east to west. Scruton wrote in 2013,“Conservative-minded architects like Leon Krier at Poundbury and John Simpson at Swindon have shown that this need not be so, that we can learn from our traditional architecture how to build in ways that enhance the neighbourhood, and in ways that produce affordable housing too.“People protest at the faceless estates that destroy the view from their window. But no-one protests at Poundbury except the modernist architects who sense the threat that it poses to their monopoly game.”Decor on exterior of Westminster Abbey, London (DFC)The Source of BeautyThe Breitbart article does not mention Darwinism, but it does mention communism, which included Darwinist materialism as one of its core pillars. Marx’s “dialectical materialism” implies evolving materialism, without absolutes.Scruton, who argues for a universal value of objective beauty, was awarded a special medal by the Polish government in honour of “intellectual courage and integrity” in 2016 for his work during the Cold War in building secret underground universities in Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia in opposition to the Communist regimes.Speaking at the time, he told Breitbart London of the award: “I helped to plant a few seeds of conservative thinking in those countries, and to emphasize that it is permissible to love your country more than the global forces that wish to suppress it… In 1989 the destructive materialism of the communists was replaced by the soft materialism of the new Europe.A “universal value of objective beauty” is the opposite of evolution. Most ground objective value in religion. An earlier article at Breitbart showed instances of the beautiful houses of Parliament, with soaring architecture adorned with art pieces celebrating individuality and beauty. “Art of Britain’s Parliament Tell Story of Great Christian Nation That Revisionists Would Erase.”Scruton’s campaign against ugly modern architecture, therefore, runs deeper than government planning for homes. “My small influence comes from expressing the belief that materialism, in whatever form, is the problem,” he said.In Darwin Day in America. John West shows in detail how Darwinism corrupts whatever it touches – even architecture. More good books on this subject are by Jerry Bergman: The Darwin Effect and How Darwinism Corrodes Morality.Darwin was like an anti-Midas; everything he touched turned to crud. The hand of God brings grace, mercy and peace. What newborn child of God would not respond with thanksgiving and develop a newfound appreciation of the good, the true, and the beautiful?
An inter-department panel formed to look into the modalities of farm loan waiver in Rajasthan has decided to recommend Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot to waive all loans of farmers who have committed suicide. The decision was taken at the first meeting of the committee chaired by Urban Development Minister Shanti Dhariwal on Saturday. “The committee will recommend to the Chief Minister that agriculture loans of farmers who have committed suicide should be waived off totally be it from any bank and any amount,” Industries Minister Parsadi Lal Meena, a members of the committee, said. He said that the decision will be taken at the level of the Chief Minister. Mr. Meena said there were more than 70 farmers who have committed suicide in the State. Short term loansAfter forming government, Mr. Gehlot had announced to waive entire short term agriculture loan from cooperative banks and agriculture loans of up to ₹2 lakh from nationalised and other banks for defaulting farmers on December 19.
Asian shares slide on weak Japan data; US markets closed View comments LATEST STORIES Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles01:46US defense chief agrees it’s time to take another look at defense pact with PH00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Read Next “Our offense just flowed and we stayed aggressive on defense.”The Batang Pier defense kept the Elite in check for the majority of the game as they jumped to a 31-point lead numerous times in the fourth quarter en route to their second straight win in the 2018 PBA Philippine Cup.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutFor Anthony, the victory further justified coach Pido Jarencio’s pleas early in the conference to GlobalPort to double down on defense, something which the team has done in the past two outings which both ended up in victories.“When we hold teams below 100 points, those are the two games we win,” said the 31-year-old. “Offense is going to flow because we got guys who can shoot. Some games they won’t drop, but other games it will. But as long as the ball moves, we take the right shots, and play together, we’ll get the win.” Anthony feels that his team is slowly getting its groove after a 0-2 start.“I feel like we started off poorly with NLEX. We kind of grew and had a good game against Ginebra but fell through the end. Then we’ve been building on our two wins, and a lot of it is because of our chemistry. We have a lot of new guys and a new coach, so our chemistry’s building and it’s getting better every day,” he said.However, the tougher challenges are still ahead for the Batang Pier, and it starts next Wednesday against San Miguel.Anthony thinks GlobalPort’s performance against the reigning three-time Philippine Cup champs will dictate how the team will fare this conference.“They’re going to be the team to beat and definitely a barometer. We’ve got some time to get better, so we’ve got to keep working on our weaknesses and continue to get better every day,” he said.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ BI on alert for illegally deployed OFWs to Iraq 8th Top Leaders Forum assessed the progress of public-private efforts in building climate and disaster resilient communities Do not bring these items in SEA Games venues Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netHe may have shot the lights out on Friday night, but Sean Anthony said that the credit for GlobalPort’s 101-76 rout of Blackwater should go to his team’s defense.“We held them under 80 points and that was the key,” said Anthony, who ignited the blowout with his 6-of-10 shooting from beyond the arc to finish with 22 points, 21 coming in the first half, alongside seven rebounds, five assists, and two steals in the 25-point victory.ADVERTISEMENT Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH SMB stays unscathed, escapes NLEX John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Don’t miss out on the latest news and information.
Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City It might have been that middle blocker Celine Domingo used to don the red of the Lady Warriors, but skipper Bernadeth Pons echoed her mentor’s words.Pons admitted what they displayed in their victory over UE, 25-20, 25-17, 24-26, 25-22, wasn’t their best and they vow to do better in the future games.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“We all know that the way we played wasn’t in the level on what we are capable of,” said Pons in Filipino Saturday at Filoil Flying V Centre. “We weren’t at one hundred percent there, coach said that it was just 60 percent.”The 0-6 Lady Warriors, who played their first game without beleaguered former head coach Francis Vicente, managed to steal the third set to prevent a sweep. Pussycat Dolls set for reunion tour after 10-year hiatus Read Next LATEST STORIES FEU posts 2nd straight win at expense of UE Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding “We have to explain to each other that we have to give it all especially in our future games,” added Pons as she finished with 21 points.As for Domingo, putting up 19 points and scoring off six blocks was a testament that she’s happy with her current situation with the Lady Tamaraws as they improved to 3-2 in the standings.“It’s quite challenging because I was thinking that I used to play with these girls in front of me, I was with them two years ago,” said Domingo in Filipino. “So what I did is play, do my part, and show that I am happy here in FEU.”Domingo was vital in the clutch for FEU, first denying Mary Ann Mendrez for the Lady Tamaraws’ 23-19 lead in the fourth before scoring an off-balanced kill for her team’s 24-21 match point.ADVERTISEMENT Google honors food scientist, banana ketchup inventor and war hero Maria Orosa MOST READ Families in US enclave in north Mexico hold sad Thanksgiving LOOK: Iya Villania meets ‘Jumanji: The Next Level’ cast in Mexico Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH AFP official booed out of forum View comments Far Eastern University head coach George Pascua said that his players did show a little bit of mercy when they beat University of the East in four sets in the UAAP Season 80 women’s volleyball tournament.ADVERTISEMENT